A Global Region is a self defined and self organized system, which brings together environment, society and economy and bases its activities on the Biocapacity, particularly the available natural resources. They are part of a global network of areas which focus on the implementation of Sustainable Development. Their model role is to promote the concepts of Sustainable Development worldwide. 

The “Evidence Based GMS” of Global Regions (Ruoss and Alfarè 2018) is an integrated approach characterized by the adequate involvement of the three dimensions Top-down, Bottom-up and Outside-in. International and national bodies define the overarching standards, norms and legal frameworks and financial contributions, and delegate authority and accountability to the local, operative level. Bottom-up processes define strategies and objectives based on local place-based evidences such as resources, needs and challenges. The local population will, as defined in the new UNESCO/MaB strategy not only actively participate, they will also profit from benefit and added values as a return of their investments and partnership. Public and private institutions have a key role in the Outside-in processes, providing knowledge, funding, networking, and facilitate research, innovation and communication.

Global Regions, models and their characterizationDraft Action Plan 2012-2015

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